Estrada Tae Kwon Do / Haidong Gumdo Academy Online


 

 

- Tae Kwon Do -

 

 

       







 

Korean Terminology

These are some Korean words that are used during class.  Students will become proficient in these terms and will eventually be tested on them during promotions.

Stances (Sohgi)

The following words are often used as commands. If this is the case, the name of the stance is usually followed by the command "Joonbi", which means to get ready into that stance.

Joonbi

Ready Stance (i.e. "at ease")

Moa Seogi

Feet Together Stance

Apseohgi

Walking Stance

Apkoobi

Forward Stance

Dwit koobi

Back Stance

Joonchoon Seogi

'Horse riding'  or Side Stance

Beom Seogi

'Tiger' Stance

Koa Seogi

'One Foot Behind The Other' or Twisted Stance


Blocking techniques (Maggi)

Ahre Makki

Low Block

Momtong Makki

Inner Block

Olgue Makki

High Block

Palmok Makki

Outer Block

Sonnal Momtong Makki

Double Knife Hand Middle Block

Sonnal Ahre Makki

Double Kinfe Hand Low Block

Punching techniques (Jirugi)

Momtong Jirugi

Middle Target Punch

Olgue Jireugi

Face Target Punch

Patan Son Chigi

Middle Target Palmstrike

Patan Tok Chigi

Face Target Palmstrike

Youck Sto

Ridge Hand

Bam Joomeok

Middle Finger Fist

Pyon Joomeok

Half Fist


Kicking techniques
(Chagi)

Ap-cha-gi

Front kick

Dollyo-cha-gi

Turning kick

Yeop-cha-gi

Side kick

Naeryo-cha-gi

Axe kick/Downward kick

Bandal-cha-gi

Crescent Kick

Momdollyo cha gi / Ti cha gi

Spinning Side Kick

Gullgi-cha-gi

Hook Kick


Counting

These terms are used for things such as counting moves or techniques

Hana    (Haa na)

One

Dool    (Dooo)

Two

Set       (Set)

Three

Net      (Net)

Four

Dasut   (Daa Sue)

Five

Yasot   (Yaa Sue) 

Six

Il gup    (Ill go)   

Seven

Yudol   (you do)

Eight

Ah hop  (ahh hope)

Nine

Yeol      (you ool)

Ten

Yeol Hanna

Eleven

Yeol Tul

Twelve

Yeol Set

Thirteen

SeuMool

Twenty

The following words are of chinese origin and are mostly used as number identification, for example, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.  This is also used in counting for forms.  Form 1 = Taeguk: Il Jang, Form 2 = Taeguk Ee Jang, etc.

Il 1st
Ee 2nd
Sam 3rd
Sah 4th
Oh 5th
Yook 6th
Chil 7th
Pal 8th
Koo 9th
Sip 10th
Sip Il 11th
Sip Ee 12th
 
Competition 
Here are some terms that students should be familiar with 
when competing in fighting or sparring 
Gyorugi Sparring
HohGoo Body Protector
Charyeot Attention Stance
Kyeongre Bow
Joonbi Ready
Jeon Round
Il-hoejeon First Round
Shijak Start fight
Kallyo Pause
Kuman End Fight
Kam-Jom-Hana Penalty Point
Kyeongo-Hana Warning
Hong Red
Chong Blue
Boo Sang Injury


The disciplines of Taekwondo

Poomse Forms
Hosinsul Self-Defense
Gyorugi Sparring
Kyepka Breaking


Miscellaneous

Pan ja yu Semi Contact Fight
Gyorugi Full Contact Fight
Kiap Powerful Yell, used to collect and focus internal energy
Dan Black Belt Degree: 1st - 9th degree
Gup Colored Belt Degree: 10th (white) - 1st (red-black)
Dobok Taekwondo Uniform
Tie Belt
Dojang Practice Gym or Training Hall
Kwan School
Sahbumnim Master
Kyosahnim Assistant Instructor
Kam sah mnida Thank you
Cheon Ma Ne Yo You're welcome